While editing this month’s Klingbrief, I looked up a rule about quotation marks. I frequently encounter very insightful, bright writers who approach end punctuation very differently when they are using quotations. Today, I finally decided to do some research.
It turns out, both camps are right, and one’s geographical orientation matters in resolving such disputes.
The Grammar Girl website adds a wonderful note to settle the debate; I offer it to you today as an example of (1) how an initial decision can lead to a profound domino effect and (2) the ways in which thoughtful interventions can (sometimes) halt or redirect habits.
Compositors―people who layout printed material with type―made the original rule that placed periods and commas inside quotation marks to protect the small metal pieces of type from breaking off the end of the sentence. The quotation marks protected the commas and periods. In the early 1900s, it appears that the Fowler brothers (who wrote a famous British style guide called The King’s English) began lobbying to make the rules more about logic and less about the mechanics of typesetting. They won the British battle, but Americans didn’t adopt the change. That’s why we have different styles.
According to this interpretation, American-style punctuation at the ends of quoted sentences reflects a choice made during the days of metal type, while British-style punctuation at the ends of quoted sentences reflects an intervention based on logic.
So I guess the next time a student challenges me by saying that some grammar rules seem to be arbitrary and even illogical, I will have to be honest and reply, “that’s true, but only in America!”
Add Ray Dalio to the list of people who write (or blog) everyday. In his new book, Principles, he talks about his process and the rationale behind it.
In the late 1970s, I began sending my observations about the markets to clients via telex. The genesis of these Daily Observations was pretty simple. While our primary business was in managing risk exposures, our clients also called to pick my brain about the markets. Taking those calls became time-consuming, so I decided it would be more efficient to write down my thoughts every day so others could understand my logic and help improve it. It was a good discipline since it forced me to research and reflect every day. It also became a key channel of communication for our business. Today, almost forty years and ten thousand publications later, our Daily Observations are read, reflected on, and argued about by clients and policymakers around the world.
Today on his blog, Fred Wilson defined a venture capital firm as follows:
A venture capital firm, at least our venture capital firm, is at its core, a group of like-minded investors who come together around a shared investment thesis to work collaboratively to help entrepreneurs build companies.
When I was reading the definition, I found myself replacing certain words to see if the definition would apply equally well to schools.
A school is, at its core, a group of like-minded educators who come together around a shared educational thesis to work collaboratively to help students build skills and knowledge.
I think this definition does apply to schools — but only those schools that have really done a lot of work to articulate their educational thesis. So maybe it doesn’t apply to that many schools after all.
I’m about to jump on a plane home from the OESIS Boston conference. I liked this conference a lot (and will explain more about that impression later this week). For now, I want to share one artifact from a talk I gave about my creative and collaborative process:
This is what a week at school can feel like:
But watch it until the end. . . In good schools, even though the pace can be frenetic, there’s a design at work.
I found this in one of my favorite serendipity machines: kottke.org.
Seeing actor Bill Murray in the stands at a Cubs game (on television, not in person, unfortunately), I was reminded of an article I read about him a while ago. In particular, I was reminded of this quotation:
The more relaxed you are, the better you are at everything: the better you are with your loved ones, the better you are with your enemies, the better you are at your job, the better you are with yourself.
Interestingly, I also have a note that he said something similar in a lecture he gave at the minor league baseball Hall of Fame:
If you can stay light, and stay loose, and stay relaxed, you can play at the very highest level—as a baseball player or a human being.
One of these days, I’m going to relax enough to figure out why these quotes are always bouncing around in the back of my mind.